Oceans are changing color + Insect populations are plummeting

first_imgWorld insect populations plummeting at an alarming rate “If insect species losses cannot be halted, this will have a catastrophic consequence for both the planet’s ecosystems and for the survival of mankind,” Francisco Sanchez-Bayo, co-author of the review, told The Guardian. Researchers fed satellite measurements of reflected light into a computer model and then correlated it to the number and type of ocean organisms. When they used the model to raise the global temperature by 3 degrees, they saw a very clear shift in ocean color with the blues getting bluer and the greens getting greener. A new study from researchers at Massachusetts Institute of Technology has found that more than half of the world’s oceans will change color by the year 2100, due to changes in the types and location of phytoplankton. The rate of extinction is eight times faster than that of mammals, reptiles or birds. According to the best data available, the total mass of insects is falling by 2.5 percent each year, suggesting they could vanish within a century. The analysis says that intensive agriculture is the main driver of the declines, specifically the heavy use of pesticides. Oceans are changing color because of climate changecenter_img Phytoplankton are microscopic algae at the bottom of the ocean food web and are a key part of most ocean ecosystems. They also store excess carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and produce about half of the oxygen we breathe. Insects are essential for the proper functioning of all ecosystems, but the first global review of insect populations published in the journal of Biological Conservation has found that more than 40 percent of insect species are declining and a third are endangered. Phytoplankton absorb and reflect various wavelengths of sunlight, which appear as different colors. Oceans with a lot of algae appear greenish, while areas with fewer phytoplankton appear a deeper blue. While those changes may seem inconsequential, researchers point out that it’s one more sign of how people are altering the earth in a major way.last_img read more

Paine reveals Australia’s secret Ashes injury toll

first_imgAUSTRALIA captain Tim Paine has revealed he broke his thumb during the fifth Ashes Test, while he has praised paceman Peter Siddle for bowling through the pain of a hip injury for most of the match.The Test skipper has also revealed he won’t be available to play in the KFC BBL this summer as he looks to focus on playing red-ball cricket.England won the fifth Test at The Oval this week to level the five-match series at 2-2, although Australia retained the Ashes urn as the holders of the famous old trophy.To add to the disappointment of losing the match in south London, Paine had to play through the pain of a busted thumb.“My thumb was broken towards the end of that Test but it is not displaced, so I should be right to get back into training early,” Paine wrote in his column for The Australian.It is not known exactly when or how Paine suffered the injury or whether it’s his right or left thumb.The Test skipper was not selected for Tasmania’s opening two Marsh Cup games next week as the majority of Australia’s Ashes squad were given a well-earned break, but he’s expected to feature for the Tigers in the lead-up to Australia’s first Test of the home summer, against Pakistan in November.Paine famously required seven separate operations on his right index finger after it was broken during an exhibition match in 2010, almost ending his career prematurely.He also suffered a hairline fracture in his right thumb during the Johannesburg Test last year, his first as captainIn his column, Paine also touched on the hip injury suffered by Siddle on the opening day of the Test, which the Victorian hinted at during the match.“Peter Siddle tore a hip flexor bowling on the first morning,” Paine wrote.“He has copped a bit of criticism for not bowling as well as he we know he can, but the team knows just how heroic he was. A lot of other people wouldn’t have bowled again in the match, but he pushed on because he didn’t want to leave Josh Hazlewood and Pat Cummins to do extra work. He’s a warrior, Sidds, and we love him deeply for that.”Siddle was picked ahead of Mitchell Starc and James Pattinson for the Oval Test and was uncharacteristically expensive on the opening day, conceding 0-61 from 17 overs in the first innings.He also leaked four-runs-an-over in the second innings, although he did pick up the key wickets of Joe Denly for 94 and Jos Buttler for 47.“I hurt my hip early on day one, so it’s been a bit of a graft in the last couple of days,” Siddle told the BBC after day three.“It’s been hard work, but it’s a Test match, you do what you can do and you stay out there.”It is understood Siddle’s injury, like Paine’s, is not overly serious and he’s expected to be available to play for Victoria next month.Paine said while playing Big Bash cricket for the Hobart Hurricanes is not on his radar for this season, he’s keen to return to the 20-over game once his Test career is over.“I’m keen to see just how far we can take this (Test) team and I’ve decided to give up the BBL so I can concentrate on red ball cricket and being in the best place to lead them,” he wrote.“Being captain is draining and I think I should take every chance to recharge my batteries.“I’ll go back to the BBL when I’m finished, but for now my focus is on my main job.”last_img read more

MBB : Last time they played: Syracuse 52, Louisville 51

first_img Published on March 1, 2012 at 12:00 pm For Jim Boeheim, Syracuse’s game against Louisville ended in a fitting way.In the final 2:11, neither team recorded a single point. During that span, Dion Waiters had a layup blocked, he missed an open jumper and missed a free throw on the front end of a one-and-one.Louisville couldn’t connect with a bucket, either. The Cardinals turned the ball over twice, missed a reverse layup and fumbled a last-ditch effort from half court at the buzzer.‘It probably should have ended that way,’ the SU head coach said after the game Feb. 13, ‘because it was really a defensive struggle the whole game.’Syracuse emerged from the conference battle to escape from the KFC Yum! Center with a 52-51 victory over Louisville. With the one-point win, SU snapped a seven-game losing streak against the Cardinals dating back to Feb. 18, 2006. Both teams struggled mightily on offense and finished the game shooting less than 35 percent.AdvertisementThis is placeholder text‘It was just a struggle for both teams offensively, and you can either give the defenses credit or say it was a bad offensive game,’ Boeheim said. ‘We’re going to look on the bright side and say it was a real defensive struggle tonight.’The Orange struggled early on, failing to reach the 10-point plateau until Kris Joseph hit a jumper with 8:24 left to play in the first half. But Louisville was equally inept on offense, and Joseph’s bucket cut SU’s deficit to 13-11.Brandon Triche said Syracuse’s offensive inefficiency was largely a result of its inability to crack the Cardinals’ matchup zone with its pick-and-roll sets. Louisville’s defense stifled the Orange and UL went into halftime with a 24-22 lead.‘The pick-and-roll, we usually use that a lot against man-to-man, but it wasn’t working against the zone,’ the junior guard said. ‘We could have just penetrated by ourselves and found guys open and penetrated again once they were flying at us. But we didn’t do that. We could have fixed that, but we didn’t.’Each team endured more tough stretches after the break. After SU took a 36-35 lead with less than 14 minutes remaining in the second half, both teams went scoreless for three minutes.The Orange picked up some momentum with a 6-0 run capped by a C.J. Fair slam, but Louisville countered with its own 16-4 run to take a five-point lead with less than four minutes to go.‘They went on their run,’ Joseph said. ‘They were at home. You got to expect it. They hadn’t made it yet.’And in a game marked by offensive struggles, it seemed the Cardinals had dealt the Orange a knockout blow with that late scoring burst.But Louisville failed to score over the final 3:38, and Fair put SU out in front for good with an uncontested layup with 2:11 to go. Syracuse made the necessary stops down the stretch to protect its lead and close out the victory.‘We knew we needed stops,’ Triche said. ‘We just planned on trying to get one stop at a time. … We missed some shots, so it wasn’t like we just got hot. We just made sure we stopped those guys from scoring.’—Compiled by Andrew Tredinnick, asst. copy editor, [email protected] Commentscenter_img Facebook Twitter Google+last_img read more